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Volume 3 Issue 2 June - Dec 2019

Original Articles

A study to assess prevalence of periodontitis in adolescents aged 15-18 years
Kumari Priyanka Shrivastva

Background: Periodontitis is a group of inflammatory diseases affecting the supporting tissues of the tooth. The early diagnosis of periodontitis is of utmost importance to prevent or minimize progression of periodontitis in the adult population. Therefore, the present study was conducted to assess the prevalence of periodontitis in adolescents aged 15-18 years. Material and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 460 adolescents aged between 15 and 19. Intraoral examinations were carried out under natural light with a mouth mirror and CPI probe. Dentition was divided into six sextants and the most serious situation found in the sextant examined was recorded. The data was stored and analysis was done using the Statistical Package SPSS version 22.0. Results: In the present study total participants were 460 in which 50% were male and 50% were females. Periodontal change (CPI>0) was found in 152 (33.04%) adolescents being gingival bleeding (17.60%) and dental calculus (12.17%) the most prevalent problem in this population. The presence of shallow or deep periodontal pockets was observed in only 1.7% and 0.43% of the participants respectively. Conclusion: Our study concluded that periodontal condition was present in one-third adolescents. Keywords: Adolescents, bleeding on probing, periodontal disease

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