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Volume 5 Issue 1 Jan - June 2021

Original Articles

Assessment of Prevalence of Dental Fear and its Relation with Caries in School Children
Lalit Patil, Manish Shivaji Jadhav, Krishnapriya Nene, Siddharth Swarup, Rohit Wadhwa, Saurabh Yadav

Background: Fear is usually defined as an individual's response to an actual threatening event or a dangerous situation to protect one's life. Dental anxiety refers to patient's specific reaction toward stress associated with dental treatment in which the stimulus is unknown, vague or not present at the moment. Dental anxiety is a major complication for both patient and dentist. Dental fear has been related to personality, increased general fears, and previous painful dental experiences, parental dental fear, age, and gender. Aim of the study: To assess prevalence of dental fear and its relation with caries in school children. Materials and methods: The study was conducted in the Department of Pedodontics of the Dental institution. For the study, a total of 200 primary school children were randomly selected and were requested to participate in the study after confirmation from their parents and teachers. Among 200 children, 102 were boys and 98 were girls. The age of the selected children ranged between 6 to 12 years. Dental examination for children was done by two calibrated examiners to correlate dental caries and children's dental fear. Results: We observed that low caries was most common in primary teeth. However, highest mean score was seen in moderate caries patients. The mean fear scores were similar in all type of caries. On comparison, it was found that these results are non-significant. Children with low caries are highest in permanent teeth. Conclusion: From the results of this present study this can be concluded that dental fear is significantly common in school children and is similar in children having primary and permanent teeth caries. Keywords: DMFT, caries, dental fear

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