Due to continuous increase in demand of patients and challenges faced by dental practitioners, there is need for research and advancements in dentistry specifically in restorative materials like GIC, Composite and Ceramics. In this article, we are mainly concerned with basic GIC (Glass Ionomer Cement) and its modifications. Modifications should be done in both component i.e in liquid and powder. Various modifications carried out are poly acid- modified composite resins/compomers, self- hardening glass ionomers, new fluoride releasing glass ionomers, low pH “smart” materials, fluoride charge materials, bioactive glass, fibre – reinforced glass ionomer cements etc. Detailed explanation of basic GIC as material and its modifications are mentioned in article.
Keywords: Glass ionomer, Materials, Nanotechnology
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